Miscellaneous Notes From Daniel And Revelation
Apollyon/Abaddon: The Beast From The Bottomless Pit

Rev 17:8 The beast that thou sawest was, and is not; and shall ascend out of the bottomless pit, and go into perdition: and they that dwell on the earth shall wonder, whose names were not written in the book of life from the foundation of the world, when they behold the beast that was, and is not, and yet is.
Rev 17:9 And here is the mind which hath wisdom. The seven heads are seven mountains, on which the woman sitteth.
Rev 17:10 And there are seven kings: five are fallen, and one is, and the other is not yet come; and when he cometh, he must continue a short space.
Rev 17:11 And the beast that was, and is not, even he is the eighth, and is of the seven, and goeth into perdition.
Rev 17:12 And the ten horns which thou sawest are ten kings, which have received no kingdom as yet; but receive power as kings one hour with the beast.
Rev 17:13 These have one mind, and shall give their power and strength unto the beast.
Rev 17:14 These shall make war with the Lamb, and the Lamb shall overcome them: for he is Lord of lords, and King of kings: and they that are with him are called, and chosen, and faithful.

These verses describe that the beast the woman rides on in Revelation 17 is the antichrist of Revelation 13. This beast's name is Apollyon:

Rev 9:11 And they had a king over them, which is the angel of the bottomless pit, whose name in the Hebrew tongue is Abaddon, but in the Greek tongue hath his name Apollyon.

The beast is the one that "shall ascend out of the bottomless pit, and go into perdition." What is the origin of Apollyon? He is most likely of Greek origin, otherwise, why make the distinction in the following verse:

Rev 9:11 And they had a king over them, which is the angel of the bottomless pit, whose name in the Hebrew tongue is Abaddon, but in the Greek tongue hath his name Apollyon.

To say this because Revelation was written in Greek does not seem sufficient reason to make this point. In the fifth trumpet, we see the "locusts" come out of the bottomless pit, with Apolyyon being mentioned as the leader of these, but Apolyyon is also the one who kills the two witnesses:

Rev 11:7 And when they shall have finished their testimony, the beast that ascendeth out of the bottomless pit shall make war against them, and shall overcome them, and kill them.

In Revelation 20, we see Satan locked up in the bottomless pit:

Rev 20:1 And I saw an angel come down from heaven, having the key of the bottomless pit and a great chain in his hand.
Rev 20:2 And he laid hold on the dragon, that old serpent, which is the Devil, and Satan, and bound him a thousand years,
Rev 20:3 And cast him into the bottomless pit, and shut him up, and set a seal upon him, that he should deceive the nations no more, till the thousand years should be fulfilled: and after that he must be loosed a little season.

Notice it is NOT the beast - Apollyon - who is locked up in the bottomless pit at the end of the tribulation period. It is the Dragon, Satan. But where is Apolyyon? He is king over the locusts of the bottomless pit, he burns the woman with fire, and he kills the two witnesses, but he is never mentioned again?

It would be difficult to say that Abaddon/Apolyyon is not the beast of Revelation 13. IF that is true, the beast coming out of the sea is also Apollyon, the sea being where the bottomless pit is located. The definition complements that:

BOTTOMLESS 12. abussos, ab'-us-sos; from G1 (as a neg. particle) and a var. of G1037; depthless, i.e. (spec.) (infernal) "abyss":--deep, (bottomless) pit.

BOTTOMLESS 1037. buthos, boo-thos'; a var. of G899; depth, i.e. (by impl.) the sea:--deep.

PIT 5421. phrear, freh'-ar; of uncert. der.; a hole in the ground (dug for obtaining or holding water or other purposes), i.e. a cistern or well; fig. an abyss (as a prison):--well, pit.

Isaiah mentioned one who has gone down to the pit and that was slain with the sword, just as the antichrist appears to be depicted in Revelation:

Isa 14:12 How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! how art thou cut down to the ground, which didst weaken the nations!
Isa 14:13 For thou hast said in thine heart, I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God: I will sit also upon the mount of the congregation, in the sides of the north:
Isa 14:14 I will ascend above the heights of the clouds; I will be like the most High.
Isa 14:15 Yet thou shalt be brought down to hell, to the sides of the pit.
Isa 14:16 They that see thee shall narrowly look upon thee, and consider thee, saying, Is this the man that made the earth to tremble, that did shake kingdoms;
Isa 14:17 That made the world as a wilderness, and destroyed the cities thereof; that opened not the house of his prisoners?
Isa 14:18 All the kings of the nations, even all of them, lie in glory, every one in his own house.
Isa 14:19 But thou art cast out of thy grave like an abominable branch, and as the raiment of those that are slain, thrust through with a SWORD, that go down to the stones of the pit; as a carcase trodden under feet.
Isa 14:20 Thou shalt not be joined with them in burial, because thou hast destroyed thy land, and slain thy people: the seed of evildoers shall never be renowned.

These verses seem to speak of Lucifer, but then about a man as well, which could be because of a union of some sort where they would be spoken of as the same. Is this Apollyon the spirit of a man confined in a pit, a man slain by a sword as Revelation 13 describes? You don't bury demons, yet this speaks of a burial. The only head of empires that ruled over Jerusalem in the Old Testament that was killed with a sword was Sennacherib. It was Isaiah who prohesied chapter 14 in the time of Sennacherib:

2 Ki 19:6 And Isaiah said unto them, Thus shall ye say to your master, Thus saith the LORD, Be not afraid of the words which thou hast heard, with which the servants of the king of Assyria have blasphemed me.
2 Ki 19:7 Behold, I will send a blast upon him, and he shall hear a rumour, and shall return to his own land; and I will cause him to fall by the SWORD in his own land. . . .
2 Ki 19:36 So Sennacherib king of Assyria departed, and went and returned, and dwelt at Nineveh.
2 Ki 19:37 And it came to pass, as he was worshipping in the house of Nisroch his god, that Adrammelech and Sharezer his sons smote him with the SWORD: and they escaped into the land of Armenia. And Esarhaddon his son reigned in his stead.

I want to close with something I am not sure of, but Revelation 6:8 says,

Rev 6:8 And I looked, and behold a pale horse: and his name that sat on him was Death, and Hell followed with him. And power was given unto them over the fourth part of the earth, to kill with sword, and with hunger, and with death, and with the beasts of the earth.

Strong's defines Hell as:

HELL 86. haides, hah'-dace; from G1 (as a neg. particle) and G1492; prop. unseen, i.e. "Hades" or the place (state) of departed souls:--grave, hell.

Notice "Hell" is defined as "Hades" in this verse. Now let's look at the meaning of "Abaddon":

ABADDON 3. Abaddon, ab-ad-dohn'; of Heb. or. [H11]; a destroying angel:--Abaddon.

ABADDON 11. 'abaddown, ab-ad-done'; intens. from H6; abstr. a perishing; concr. Hades:--destruction.

Notice the second definition which gives the origins of this word: "concretely, 'Hades.'" How can Hell or Hades follow after the rider on the green horse? If it is a person. "Hades" personified could be Abaddon/Apollyon.

Till now, I have in the past confused the RED DRAGON in Revelation 12 with the BEAST of Revelation 17 named Abaddon or Apollyon. They are not the same. The Dragon GIVES HIS power, authority and throne TO THE Beast. The Beast is Abaddon, the Dragon is Satan. Remembering Isaiah 14 again, is Apollyon the spirit of a man? Or a powerful fallen angel of some type? And why is he never mentioned again? Doesn't he end up in the lake of fire? I believe he may not be mentioned again or as being thrown into the lake of fire because he is the antichrist, the beast, thrown into the lake of fire when Jesus returns. Satan, then, is locked up in the bottomless pit for 1,000 years. It's something to think about.

Submitted by Ed Tarkowski