The cup Jesus said was His blood in the New Covenant is called the "Cup of Redemption," and it was the third cup drunk during the Passover meal. Jesus changed its meaning from a past remembrance of redemption from Egypt and provision and protection to the redemption, provision and protection He was about to accomplish on the cross. By His death, He would fulfill the sacrificial aspects of the Jewish Passover, and offer protection from the wrath to come. The lamb slain for Israel's exodus from Egypt would be magnified as the Lamb it foreshadowed would be slain to provide all men an exodus from this world if they chose to accept it.
By passing the third cup and saying they should eat and drink of it in remembrance of Him, Jesus is saying He would soon drink this cup which the Father would give Him in Gethsemane and on the cross, thus turning away God's judgement of our sin and paying its penalty - death. Where then is the judgement on the world foreshadowed by God passing through Egypt on the night of Passover? It is found in the fourth cup, which shows a vital connection between the Feasts of Passover and Tabernacles.
The kingdom of God comes when Tabernacles is fulfilled, and Zechariah describes that coming of the Kingdom:
Zec 14:1 Behold, the day of the LORD cometh . . .
Zec 14:2 For I will gather all nations against Jerusalem to battle; . . .
Zec 14:3 Then shall the LORD go forth, and fight against those nations, as when he fought in the day of battle.
Zec 14:4 And his feet shall stand in that day upon the mount of Olives, . . .
Zec 14:16 And it shall come to pass, that every one that is left of all the nations which came against Jerusalem shall even go up from year to year to worship the King, the LORD of hosts, and to keep the feast of tabernacles.
Passover is vitally connected to the time when God executes judgement on the nations to establish His kingdom and usher in the Feast of Tabernacles. This is the time when Jesus said He will again eat the Passover meal and drink again from the cup of remembrance of Israel's deliverance from Egypt. That fulfilling of Passover is called the Wedding Feast or the Marriage Supper of the Lamb.
I have read that the Fourth Cup of the Passover meal based on Exodus 6:7 and is called "The Cup Of Completion." The following words are read concerning this cup and this will give you an idea of what it represents - it is apocalyptic in nature:
"Pour Your wrath upon the nations that do not recognize You and upon Kingdoms that do not invoke Your Name. For they have devoured [Jacob] and destroyed His habitation. Pour your anger upon them and let Your fiery wrath overtake them. Pursue them with wrath and annihilate them from beneath the heavens of [the Lord]."
The fourth cup of the Jewish Passover is the time of wrath foreshadowed in the Lord's Passover in Egypt. The tradition of this cup is stated in Revelation 14:
Rev 14:9 And the third angel followed them, saying with a loud voice, If any man worship the beast and his image, and receive his mark in his forehead, or in his hand,
Rev 14:10 The same shall drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is poured out without mixture into the cup of his indignation; and he shall be tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels, and in the presence of the Lamb:
The cup that is mentioned here is none other than the fourth cup, the "Cup of Completion," and Jesus nor the disciples drank of it. Between the Passover meal Jesus took part in and the millennial Feast of Tabernacles when God's kingdom is established will come the judgement of God's wrath upon the nations that is represented by this fourth cup.
The connection between Passover and Tabernacles is shown in the exodus, where Moses wrote that the people departed Egypt in haste and journeyed immediately to Succoth:
Exo 12:37 And the children of Israel journeyed from Rameses [Passover in Egypt] to Succoth [meaning, Tabernacle], about six hundred thousand on foot that were men, beside children. . . .
Exo 12:39 And they baked unleavened cakes of the dough which they BROUGHT FORTH OUT OF EGYPT [from the Passover], for it was not leavened;
The unleavened bread from the night of Passover in Egypt WAS ALSO EATEN in Succoth, and Succoth here means Tabernacles:
SUCCOTH - 5523. Cukkowth, sook-kohth'; or Cukkoth, sook-kohth'; plur. of H5521; BOOTHS; Succoth, the name of a place in Egypt and of three in Pal.:--Succoth.
SUCCOTH - 5521. cukkah, sook-kaw'; fem. of H5520; a hut or lair:--booth, cottage, covert, pavilion, TABERNACLE, tent.
SUCCOTH - 5520. cok, soke; from H5526; a hut (as of entwined boughs); also a lair:--covert, den, pavilion, TABERNACLE.
God later commanded the celebration of Tabernacles as a remembrance of His redeeming Israel out of Egypt where the Passover took place:
Lev 23:42 Ye shall dwell in booths seven days; all that are Israelites born shall dwell in booths:
Lev 23:43 That your generations may know that I made the children of Israel to dwell in booths, when I brought them out of the land of Egypt: I am the LORD your God.
Thus, we have the following scenarios formed:
The following is a sidebar I did for the Laughing Phenomena report I did a few years ago, having spoken at that time to various Messianic believers about the foruth cup of Passover.
The third cup of the Passover meal is called the Cup of Redemption, after the promise "and I will redeem you." When I communicated with messianic believers about Passover, I was surprised to learn that the scriptures do not say that Jesus drank of the third cup at the Last Supper, but instead gave it to his disciples and instructed them to drink it in remembrance of Him:
Mat 26:27 And he took the cup, and gave thanks, and gave it to them, saying, Drink ye all of it;
Mat 26:28 For this is my blood of the new testament, which is shed for many for the remission of sins.
Mat 26:29 But I say unto you, I will not drink henceforth of this fruit of the vine, until that day when I drink it new with you in my Father's kingdom.
Mat 26:30 And when they had sung an hymn, they went out into the mount of Olives.
By only having His disciples partake of it, the Lord was saying He would drink of all that the third cup represented when He went to Calvary. According to a messianic researcher,
"If we understand the context of the Passover and the analogy of the . . . third cup . . . [it] was not drunk by Yeshuah [Jesus]. When did he drink of it? After the third cup they sang the Hallel. Yeshuah went to the garden. . .
"'My Father, if thou art willing, remove this cup from me; nevertheless, not my will but thine be done'" (Luke 22:42). So he 'drank a cup' here. 'Shall I not drink the cup which the Father has given me?' (John 18:11).
"'And being in agony he prayed more earnestly; and his sweat became like great drops of blood falling upon the ground' (third cup)" (Luke 22:44).
So the seder was truncated, cut short because the fourth cup was not drunk, while the third cup was lived out outside the upper room.
Our researcher continues,
"The seder [Passover] was continuing on into the real world. So the ritual meal opened up into the horror of the then present age. . . . He was in the time of his third cup.
Jesus drank of the cup given Him by the Father, and the last words of the Passover meal were spoken from the cross: "It is finished!", but the fourth cup was never drunk. By the fourth cup, it is not meant the cup of Elijah, which was added to Passover at a later time. But, concerning the third cup, the sacrificial aspect of Passover was complete.
As we have stated, it appears to be a fact that neither Jesus nor His disciples drank of the fourth cup, which is called the Cup of Completion and in other places the Cup of Praise. My research notes continue,
"After the third cup comes the rest of the Hallel, Ps. 115-118 [which they most likely sung as they went to the garden after the Pasover meal]. . . . The fourth cup was never drunk: 1) not by Yeshuah; 2) perhaps [and most likely] not by the disciples either.
"The Hallel concludes with Psalm 118: the Great Hallel. Here the transition from the present to the messianic future finds its completion" (Notes, Messianic researcher).
The Great Hallel, Psalm 118, was usually sung at two festvials, the festivals of Passover and Tabernacles. It is important to mention verse 26 here:
26 Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord. From the house of the Lord we bless you.
Of this verse, another researcher says,
"The most important thing to note is that it is only on a few festive occasions during the course of the year when the words, 'Blessed is He who comes in the Name of the Lord' are spoken. [Near the end of His ministry, Jesus cried out to the once holy city, 'O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, you who kill the prophets and stone those sent to you . . .] You will not see me again until you say, "Blessed is He who comes in the Name of the Lord" (Matthew 23:39). By this He directly pointed them to His coming reign as King at the time of Succot (Tabernacles). So He implied that He would be revealed as King and begin His reign, also fulfilling Tabernacles, at the appointed time. This would be a very good reason why, beginning with the thousand year reign of Christ, we would celebrate only Tabernacles. All peoples will be required to come to Jerusalem at this time of year (Zech. chapters 12 thru 14 - a must read!)."
So during His celebration of the Passover just before His crucifixion, Jesus pointed in two ways to the true celebration of Tabernacles at His return:
The fourth cup, then was a cup to be poured out near the time of His return, a cup of wrath signifying "the wrath of God to come." After the wrath and entrance into the Millennium, Jesus would eat the Passover meal again with all that are His in rembrance of all that He will have brought them through in their deliverance.
Contributed by Ed...Continued